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Part IV Westminster Shorter Catechism



Q 1. What is the primary purpose of man?

answer. Man's chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy him forever.

(1 Corinthians 10:31; Romans 11:36; Psalm 73:24-26; John 17:22-24)


Q. 2. What rule has God given us to direct us how to glorify and rejoice?

answer. The Word of God, written in the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule that dictates how we should glorify and enjoy Him.

(Gal 1:8-9; Isaiah 8:20; Luke 16:29-31, 24:27, 44; John 15:11; 2 Tim 3:15-17; 2 Pet 3:2, 15, 16)


Q3. What is the most essential teaching of the Bible?

answer. The most essential teachings of the Bible are how man believes in God and the duties that God requires of man.

(Micah 6:8; John 5:39, 20:31, 3:16; 1 Corinthians 10:11; Romans 15:4; 1 John 1:3-4)


Q4: Who is God?

answer. God is God, and He is infinite, infinite, and unchanging in His being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, kindness, and truth.

(John 4:24; Psalm 90:2; Mal 3:6; James 1:17; 1 Kings 8:27; Jeremiah 23:14; Isaiah 40:22; Psalm 147:5; Romans 16:27; Genesis 17:1 ; Revelation 19:6; Isaiah 57:15; John 17:11; Revelation 4:8; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 100:5; Romans 2:4; Exodus 34:6; Psalm 117:2; Exodus 3:14 ; Psalm 145:3)


Q5. Is there another God besides the one God?

answer. There is only one God, the true and living God.

(Deuteronomy 6:4; Jeremiah 10:10; John 17:3; 1 Corinthians 8:4)


Q6. How many ranks are there in the Godhead of God?

answer. There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and these three persons are one God. There is one body, and power and glory are equal.

(2 Corinthians 13:13; Matt 3:16-17, 28:19; 2 Corinthians 8:14; John 1:1, 4:18; Acts 5:3-4; Hebrews 1:3)


Q. 7. What is God's predestination?

answer. God's predestination is an eternal economy according to his will, by which he foreordained all things to come for his glory.

(Eph 1:11; Acts 4:27-28; Psalm 33:11; Ephesians 2:10; Romans 9:22, 11:33; Acts 2:23)

Q8. How does God fulfill his predestination?

answer. God fulfills His predestination through creation and providence.

(Rev 4:11; Ephesians 1:11; Dan 4:35; Isaiah 40:26)


Q9. What is the work of creation?

answer. The work of creation was God's creation of all things by the word of His power from nothing in six days, and it was all very good.

(Hebrews 11:3; Revelation 4:11; Genesis 1:1, 31; Psalm 33:9)


Q10. How did God create man?

answer. God created man male and female, in his own image, with knowledge, justice, and holiness, so that he had dominion over all living things.

(Genesis 1:27; Col 3:10; Ephesians 4:24; Gen 1:28)


Q11. What is the providence of God?

answer. The work of God's providence is to preserve and dispose of all creation and all its actions in supreme holiness, wisdom, and power.

(Psalm 145:17; Psalm 104:24; Hebrews 1:3; Psalm 103:19; Matthew 10:29-30; Neh 9:6)


Q12. What special decrees did God make toward man in his providence when he was in the original position from which he was created?

answer. After God created man, he made the covenant of life with the condition of perfect obedience, and forbade eating from the tree of discerning good and evil as a punishment for death.

(Genesis 2:16.17; Romans 5:12-14; Luke 12:25-28; Galatians 3:12; Romans 10:5)


Q13. Did our first parents remain in the original position in which they were created?

answer. Our first parents sinned against God because they were free at will, so they fell from the original status from which they were created.

(Genesis 3:6-8, 13; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Romans 5:12)


Q. 14. What is sin?

answer. Sin is a lack or violation of God's law.

(1 John 3:4; James 4:17; Romans 3:23, 4:5; James 2:10)


Q15. What is the sin that caused our first parents to fall from their original position from which they were created?

answer. The sin that caused our first parents to fall from their original position from which they were created was to eat the forbidden fruit.

(See Q13; Genesis 3:6, 12-13)


Q. 16. Did all races fall during Adam's first transgression?

answer. The covenant with Adam was not made for him alone, but for his descendants after that, so all races born from him by the common law were in him, participating in his first transgression, and falling together with him.

(Acts 17:26; see Q12; Gen 1:18, 2:17; 1 Corinthians 15:21.22)


Q. 17. Did this fall bring the race into a place of sin and misery?

answer. This fall brought the race into a state of sin and misery.

(Romans 5:12; Galatians 3:10)


Q. 18. What is the sin of man in his fallen state?

answer. Man's sin in his fallen state is the lack of fundamental righteousness in Adam's first transgression and the corruption of his entire disposition.

(Romans 5:12, 18-19; 1 Corinthians 15:22; Romans 5:6; Ephesians 2:1-3; Romans 8:7-8; Gen 6:5; James 1:14-15; Matthew 15:19 )


Q. 19. What is the misery of man in his fallen state?

answer. Because of the fall of all races, fellowship with God was cut off, and under his wrath and curse, they were subjected to all misery, death, and eternal hell.

(Genesis 3:8, 24; Ephesians 2:3; Romans 5:14; 6:23; Mark 9:47-48)


Q. 20. Did God leave all races to perish in their position of sin and misery?

answer. God alone, according to His good will, chose those who will be redeemed from eternity to have eternal life, and established the covenant of grace to deliver them from their sin and misery position through the Redeemer and bring them to the place of salvation.

(Ephesians 1:4-7; Titus 1:2, 3:4-7; Galatians 3:21; Romans 3:20-22; John 17:6)


Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?

answer. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who became man as the eternal Son of God, and after that, there are two special qualities in one person, and he is eternally God and man.

(1 Tim 2:5; John 1:1, 14, 10:30; Gal 4:4; Phil 2:5-11; Romans 9:5; Col 2:9; Hebrews 13:8)

Q. 22. How did Christ, as the Son of God, become man?

answer. When Christ, the Son of God, became a man, he took a true body and a sensible soul and was conceived and born of the Virgin Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit, but without sin.

(John 1:14; Hebrews 2:14; Matthew 26:38; Luke 1:31-42; Gal 4:4; Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 7:26; Luke 2:5)


Q. 23. What office did Christ serve as our Redeemer?

answer. Christ, as our Redeemer, executes the offices of prophet, priest, and king, in both low and exalted positions.

(Acts 3:22; Hebrews 5:5-6, 4:14-15; Revelation 21:16; Isaiah 9:6-9; Psalm 2:6)


Q. 24. How does Christ exercise the office of a prophet?

answer. When Christ executes the office of a prophet, he reveals to us the will of God for our salvation through his Word and the Holy Spirit.

(John 15:15; John 20:31; 2 Peter 1:21; John 14:26, 1:1, 4, 18, 16:13; Hebrews 1:1-2)


Q. 25. How does Christ exercise the office of a priest?

answer. Christ performs the office of a priest by offering himself as a sacrifice once for all, to satisfy God's justice, to reconcile us to God, and to make intercession for us always.

(Hebrews 7:25, 9:14, 28; Romans 3:26, 10:4; Hebrews 2:17)


Q. 26. How does Christ exercise the office of king?

answer. Christ does the king's part to subdue us, to rule over us, to protect us, and to triumph over himself and all our enemies.

(Psalm 110:3; Isaiah 33:22; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Acts 12:17, 18:9-10, 2:36)


Q27. What about the humiliation of Christ?

answer. The humiliation of Christ is His incarnation, and He was born in a lowly state, obeyed the law, suffered the various miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death on the cross, and was buried, and remained under the power of death for a time.

(Luke 2:7; Phil 2:6-8; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Gal 4:4; Isaiah 53:3; Matthew 27:46; Luke 22:41-44; Gal 3:13; 1 Corinthians 15:3- 4)


Q. 28. What of the exaltation of Christ?

answer. The exaltation of Christ is the resurrection from the dead on the third day, the ascension into heaven, the sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and the coming to judge the world at the last day.

(1 Corinthians 15:3-4; Acts 1:9; Ephesians 1:19-20; Acts 1:11; Acts 17:31)


Q. 29. How do you make us share in the redemption brought by Christ?

answer. It is because of the effectual application of the redemption to us by his Spirit that makes us partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ.

(John 1:12-13, 3:5-6; Titus 3:5-6)


Q. 30. How has the Holy Spirit applied to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

answer. When the Holy Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, he creates faith in us and unites us to Christ by an effectual calling.

(Eph 2:8; John 15:55; 1 Cor 6:17; 1 Cor 1:9; 1 Pet 5:10; Ephesians 4:15-16; Gal 2:20)


Q. 31. What is an effectual calling?

answer. The effective calling is the work of the Spirit of God, who convicts us of our sins and misery, and enlightens our hearts to the knowledge of Christ, renews our wills, and persuades us to believe in Jesus Christ, freely given in the gospel. will be.

(2 Timothy 1:8-9; Ephesians 1:18-20; Acts 2:37, 26:18; Ezekiel 11:19, 36:16-27; John 6:44-45; Eph 2:5; 2 Thessalonians 2: 13; Phil 2:13)


Q. 32. What benefits do those who are effectually called benefit in this life?

answer. Those who are effectually called have in this life justification, adoption, and sanctification, and in this life they receive and benefit from them.

(Romans 8:30; Ephesians 1:5; 1 Corinthians 1:30)


Q. 33. What is justification?

answer. Justification is ordained by the free grace of God, who forgives all our sins and accepts us as right in his sight, only because he returns to us the righteousness of Christ, which we receive only by faith.

(Eph 1:7; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21; Romans 4:5; 3:22; 24, 25, 5:17-19, 4:6-8, 5:1; Acts 10:43; Gal 2: 16)


Q. 34. What is adoption?

answer. Adoption is ordained by God's free grace, so that we can be included in the number of God's children and enjoy all these privileges.

(1 John 3:1-2; John 1:12; Romans 8:17)


Q. 35. What is sanctification?

answer. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the image of God, and gradually become able to die to sin and live to righteousness.

(2 Thessalonians 2:13; Ephesians 4:23-24; Romans 6:4, 6, 14, 8:4; 1 Pet 1:2)


Q. 36. What benefits do we receive from justification, adoption, and sanctification in this life, and what comes from it?

What is Ripe?

answer. The benefits of justification, adoption, and sanctification in this life, and that come from it, are a certain knowledge of God's love, peace of mind, pleasure in the Holy Spirit, increased grace, and perseverance to the end.

(Romans 5:1-5; 14:17; Col 1:10-11; Proverbs 4:18; Ephesians 3:16-18; 2 Peter 3:18; Jeremiah 32:40; 1 John 2:19-27; Rev 14 :12; 1 Pet 1:5; 1 John 5:13; John 1:16; Phil 1:6)


Q37. What benefits do believers receive from Christ when they die?

answer. When a believer dies, his soul is completely sanctified and immediately enters into glory, and his body, still united to Christ, rests in the grave until the resurrection.

(Luke 23:43, 16:23; Phil 1:23; 2 Corinthians 5:6-8; 1 Thessalonians 4:14; Romans 8:23; Revelation 14:13, 19:8; Acts 7:55-59; John 5 :28)


Q 38. What benefits do believers receive from Christ in the resurrection?

answer. When a believer is resurrected, he is resurrected in glory, and on the Day of Judgment, he receives the clear knowledge and purgation of sin, and receives complete blessings and enjoys God's satisfaction for all eternity.

(1 Corinthians 15:42-43; Matthew 25:33-34, 10:32; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; Psalm 16:11; 1 Corinthians 2:9)


Q39. What is the duty that God requires of man?

answer. The duty that God requires of man is to obey the revealed will.

(Deuteronomy 29:29; Micah 6:8; 1 Samuel 15:22; Luke 10:28)


Q. 40. What was the first thing God revealed to man as a rule to obey him?

answer. It is the rule of the religious life that God first revealed to man as a rule to obey him.

(Romans 2:14-15, 10:5)


Q41. Where is this law of the religious life briefly contained?

answer. These laws of the religious life were briefly included in the Ten Commandments.

(Matthew 19:17-19; Deuteronomy 10:4)


Q 42. What is the grand program of the Ten Commandments?

answer. The great commandment of the Ten Commandments is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our mind, and with all our strength, and to love our neighbor as ourselves.

(Matthew 22:37-40)


Q. 43. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments?

answer. The preface to the Ten Commandments is these words: I am your God, the one who brought you out of the land of slavery in Egypt.

(Exodus 20:2; Deut. 5:6)


Q. 44. What does the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us?

answer. The preface to the Ten Commandments teaches us that since God is Lord, our God, and our Redeemer, we ought to keep his commandments.

(De 11:1; 1 Pet 1:17-19)


Q. 45. What is the first commandment?

answer. The first commandment is, 'You shall have no other gods before me.'

(Deuteronomy 5:7; Exodus 20:3)


Q. 46. What is required of the first commandment?

answer. The first commandment requires us to know and acknowledge that God is the only true God and to be our God, so that we may worship and glorify him.

(1 Chronicles 28:9; Deut 26:17; Matt 4:10; Psalm 95:6-7, 29:2)


Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first commandment?

answer. The first commandment forbids that we do not know the true God as God, or that we do not worship and glorify the true God as our God, and that we give to others the worship and glory worthy of Him alone.

(Romans 1:20-21; Psalm 81:11, 14:1; Romans 1:25)


Q48. What does the word 'besides me' in the first commandment teach us in particular?

answer. What the first commandment, 'besides me,' especially teaches us is that God, who sees all things, looks down on sin for any other god and takes offense at it.

(1 Chronicles 28:9; Psalm 44:20-21, 134:1-3; Deut 30:17-18)


Q. 49. What is the second commandment?

answer. The second commandment is, 'You shall not make for yourself a carved image, nor make any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth below, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them, nor serve them. I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing fathers to sons to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me, but showing mercy to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.”

(Exodus 20:4-9)


Q. 50. What does the second commandment require?

answer. The second commandment requires that we receive, obey, and keep clean and perfect all religious worship and ordinances set forth in God's Word.

(Deuteronomy 12:32, 31:46; Matt 28:20)


Q51. What does the second commandment forbid?

answer. What is forbidden in the second commandment to worship God with idols or to do anything not prescribed in the Word of God?

way to worship.

(Deuteronomy 4:15-19; Acts 17:29; Deuteronomy 12:30-32)


Q 52. What is the reason for keeping the second commandment?

answer. The reason we are told to keep the second commandment is that God wants us to be our Lord and our Owner, and to worship Him alone.

(Psalm 95:2-3, 45:11; Exodus 34:14; Psalm 100:3; 1 Corinthians 10:22)


Q 53. What is the third commandment?

answer. The first shovel commandment is, 'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.'

(Exodus 20:7)


Q 54. What does the third commandment require?

answer. The third commandment requires that the name, title, attribute, ordinance, word, and deeds of God be used in a holy and reverent way.

(Psalm 29:2; Matthew 6:9; Revelation 15:3-4; Mal 1:14; Psalm 138:2, 107:21-22; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Psalm 104:24)


Q. 55. What is forbidden in the third commandment?

answer. Anything forbidden in the shovel commandment is to blaspheme or misuse God's manifestation of Himself.

(Mal 2:2; Isaiah 55:12; Leviticus 19:12; Matthew 5:34-35)


Q 56. What is the reason for keeping the third commandment?

answer. The reason for keeping the third commandment is that even if those who break this commandment escape punishment from men, the Lord our God does not allow them to escape his righteous judgment.

(Deuteronomy 28:58-59)


Q. 57. What is the fourth commandment?

answer. The fourth commandment is, 'Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor to do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God, and you shall not work, neither you nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your cattle, nor the stranger who sojourns in your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth and the sea and all that is in them, and on the seventh day he rested. Therefore I, the LORD, blessed the sabbath day, and made it holy.'

(Exodus 20:8-11)


Q58. What does the fourth commandment require?

answer. The fourth commandment requires that the feasts which are commanded in the Word of God be kept holy before him, especially one full day out of seven to be his holy sabbath.

(Leviticus 19:3; Deut 5:12; Isaiah 56:2-7)


Q59. Which of the seven days did God command as the Sabbath?

answer. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God commanded the seventh day to be the sabbath of seven days, and from that time to the end of the world he commanded it as the first day of seven, which is the Christian Sabbath.

(Genesis 2:3; Luke 23:56; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; John 12:19-26; Exodus 16:23)


Q60. How should we keep the Sabbath day holy?

answer. Keeping the Sabbath day holy will make the whole day a holy resting day, so we will stop doing various worldly activities and entertainments that are appropriate for other days, and dedicate that time to public service and worship. Other than that, it can be used for personal unavoidable work and philanthropy.

(Leviticus 23:3; Ex 16:25-29; Jer 17:21-22, 23:3; Psalm 58:3, 92:1-2; Luke 4:16; Isaiah 58:3; Acts 20:7; Matthew 12:11; Mark 2:27)


Q61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?

answer. The fourth commandment forbids not to do the duties which it commanded, or to profane the day by negligence, or to commit a sinful thing, or to engage in unnecessary thoughts, words, and actions with respect to the various affairs and entertainments of the world. will be.

(Ezekiel 22:26, 23:28; Mal 1:13; Isaiah 58:13; Jeremiah 17:24-27)


Q 62. What is the reason for keeping the fourth commandment?

answer. The reason for telling us to keep the fourth commandment is that God allows six days for our various works, and that the seventh day is a special claim for us, that he sets an example for us, and blesses the Sabbath.

(Ex 31:15-17; Leviticus 23:3; Genesis 2:3)


Q 63. What is the fifth commandment?

answer. The fifth commandment is, 'Honor your father and mother, that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.'

(Exodus 20:12)


Q. 64. What does the fifth commandment require?

answer. The fifth commandment commands each person to do what he or she is supposed to do to exalt him according to the position to which he belongs and the relationship of humankind, that is, upper and lower and equal.

(Ephesians 5:21-22, 6:1, 5, 9; Romans 13:1, 12:10; Leviticus 19:32; Ephesians 6:1-5; Romans 8:1)


Q 65. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?

answer. What the fifth commandment forbids is the prohibition or prohibition of doing the things that each person ought to do according to his position and personal relationship.

(Romans 13:7-8)


Q 66. What is the reason for keeping the fifth commandment?

answer. The reason for keeping the fifth commandment is to grant longevity and prosperity to all who keep this commandment, only to give glory to God and to benefit others.

(Ephesians 6:2-3)


Q 67. What is the sixth commandment?

answer. The sixth commandment is 'You shall not murder'.

(Exodus 20:13)


Q 68. What does the sixth commandment require?

answer. The sixth commandment requires that we strive to preserve our lives and the lives of others according to all reasonable laws.

(Matthew 10:23; Psalm 82:3-4; Job 29:13; 1 Kings 18:4; Ephesians 5:29-30)


Q. 69. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?

answer. What the sixth commandment forbids is taking or harming our lives or the lives of our neighbors unjustly.

(Acts 16:28; Gen 9:6; Matthew 5:22; 1 John 3:15; Gal 5:15; Proverbs 24:11-12; Exodus 21:18.32; Deuteronomy 24:6)


Q. 70. What is the seventh commandment?

answer. The seventh commandment is 'You shall not commit adultery'.

(Exodus 20:14)


Q 71. What does the seventh commandment require?

answer. The seventh commandment requires that we preserve the chastity of ourselves and of our neighbours, in thought, word, and deed.

(Matthew 5:28; Ephesians 4:29; Col 4:6; 1 Peter 3:2; 1 Thessalonians 4:4-5; 1 Corinthians 7:2; Ephesians 5:11-12)


Q 72. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?

answer. The seventh commandment forbids all unclean thoughts, words, and actions.

(Matthew 5:28; Ephesians 5:3-4)


Q 73. What is the eighth commandment?

answer. The eighth commandment is 'You shall not steal.'

(Exodus 20:15)


Q 74. What does the eighth commandment require?

answer. The eighth commandment requires that we obtain and promote the wealth and industry of others according to reasonable laws.

(2 Thessalonians 3:10-12; Romans 12:17; Proverbs 27:23; Lev 25:35; Phil 2:4; Proverbs 13:4; 20:4; 24:30-34; Deut 15:10)


Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?

answer. What the eighth commandment forbids is anything that unjustly interferes with, or may interfere with, ours and others' wealth and industry.

(1 Timothy 5:8; Ephesians 4:28; Proverbs 21:6; 2 Thessalonians 3:7-10; Proverbs 28:19; James 5:4)


Q 76. What is the ninth commandment?

answer. The ninth commandment is, 'You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.'

(Exodus 20:16)


Q 77. What does the ninth commandment require?

answer. The ninth commandment requires that we preserve and promote the integrity of one another and the honor of ourselves and of our neighbours, especially when bearing witness.

(Proverbs 14:5, 25; Zechariah 8:16; 1 Pet 3:16; Acts 25:10; 3 John 12; Ephesians 4:15)


Q 78. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?

answer. The ninth commandment forbids anything that is injurious to truth or injures the honor of one's neighbour.

(Proverbs 19:5, 9:16-19; Luke 3:14; Isaiah 15:3; Col 3:9; Psalm 12:3; 2 Corinthians 8:20-21)


Q 79. What is the tenth commandment?

answer. The tenth commandment is, 'You shall not covet your neighbor's house. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his ass, or anything that is thy neighbour's.

(Exodus 20:17)


Q. 80. What does the tenth commandment require?

answer. The tenth commandment requires that we be content with our condition, and have a righteous and loving heart toward our neighbor and all that he has.

(Hebrews 13:5; Romans 12:15; Phil 2:4; 1 Corinthians 13:4-6; 1 Timothy 6:6; Leviticus 19:18)


Q. 81. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?

answer. What the tenth commandment forbids is any unrighteous action or feeling toward all things in our neighbourhood, whether we want our plight or envy or belittle our neighbour's happiness.

(1 Corinthians 10:10; Galatians 5:26; Col 3:5)


Q. 82. Can man perfectly keep the commandments of God?

answer. After the fall, man alone cannot fully keep God's commandments in this life, and he commits the sin of breaking the law in his thoughts, words, and actions every day.

(1 Kings 8:46; 1 John 1:8-2:6; Gen 8:21; James 3:2, 8; Romans 8:8, 3:9-10)

Q. 83. Are all transgressions of the law equally evil?

answer. Some sins are more heinous in the sight of God than others because of their nature and various entangled ends.

(Psalm 19:13; John 19:11; Matt 11:24; Luke 12:10; Hebrews 10:29)


Q 84. What is the retribution due for every sin committed?

answer. The reward for every sin committed is God's wrath and curse in this world and in the world to come.

(Galatians 3:10; Matthew 25:41; James 2:10)


Q. 85. What does God require of us that we may escape the curse of His wrath because of our sins?

answer. In order that we may escape the wrath and curse that we deserve of God for our sins, God requires of us to believe in Jesus Christ, to repent unto life, and to exert ourselves in the various ways in which Christ communicates the benefits of redemption to us. will be.

(Acts 20:21; Mark 1:15; John 3:18; see Q88; 2 Pet 1:10; Hebrews 2:3; 1 Tim 4:16)


Q 86. What is faith in Jesus Christ?

answer. Believing in Jesus Christ is the grace of salvation, through which we receive Jesus and rely only on Him for salvation as given to us in the gospel.

(Hebrews 10:39; John 6:40, 1:12; Phil 3:9; Acts 16:31; Revelation 22:17)


Q. 87. What is repentance unto life?

answer. Repentance unto life is the grace of salvation, through which the sinner truly knows his sin and realizes the mercy of God in Christ, grieving over his sin, and turning away from sin by hating it and turning to God with a strong determination, It is a new obedience.

(Acts 11:18, 2:37; Joel 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:11; Jeremiah 31:18-19; Acts 26:18; Psalm 119:59; Luke 1:77-79; 2 Corinthians 7:10; Romans 6:18)


Q. 88. What is the usual way in which Christ manifests to communicate the benefits of salvation to us?

answer. The usual means by which Christ manifests to communicate the benefits of salvation to us are his ordinances, especially the Word, the sacraments, and prayers of God. All of this will be effective for the elect and will result in salvation.

(Matthew 28:19-20; Acts 2:41-42)


Q. 89. How is the word of God effective for salvation?

answer. By reading the Word of God, and especially by listening to the sermon, the Spirit of God is an effective method for convicting sinners to repentance, and adding holiness and comfort through faith to salvation.

(Psalm 19:7, 119:13; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; Romans 1:16, 16:25-27; Acts 20:32; Neh 8:8; James 1:21; Romans 15:4 ; 2 Timothy 3:15)


Q90. How should we read and listen to the Word of God in order to become effective and obtain salvation?

answer. In order for the Word of God to become the way for us to gain salvation, we should think with diligence, preparation, and prayer, and put faith and love in our hearts and show it in our actions.

(Proverbs 8:34; Luke 8:18; 1 Pet 2:1-2; Psalm 119:11, 18; Hebrews 4:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:10; Luke 8:15; James 1:25; Deuteronomy 6:6- 7; Romans 1:16)


Q. 91. How are the sacraments made effective and means of salvation?

answer. It is not through the sacraments themselves, nor by virtue of the giver, that the sacraments become effective and the means for salvation, but only because of the blessings of Christ and the working of the Holy Spirit in those who receive the sacraments by faith.

(1 Peter 3:21; Acts 8:13, 23; 1 Corinthians 3:7, 6:11, 12:13; Romans 2:28-29)


Q. 92. What are the sacraments?

answer. A sacrament is a holy ordinance instituted by Christ, and is applied to believers by marking and sealing it as a sign of realizing Christ and the benefits of the new covenant.

(Matthew 28:19; 26:26-28; Romans 4:11)


Q 93. What are the sacraments of the New Testament?

answer. The sacraments of the New Testament are baptism and the Lord's Supper.

(Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 11:23; Acts 10:47-48)


Q. 94. What is baptism?

answer. Baptism is the sacrament of washing with water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and it seals us by signifying our union with Christ, our participation in all the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our commitment to become the Lord's people.

(Matthew 28:19; Gal 3:27; Romans 6:3-4)


Q. 95. To whom is baptism administered?

answer. Baptism is to be given to unbelievers until they have believed in Christ, confessed to Him, and obeyed Him.

(Acts 2:41; Gen 17:7; Gal 3:17-18, 29; Acts 2:38-39, 18:8; 1 Corinthians 7:14)


Q. 96. What is the Lord's Supper?

answer. The Lord's Supper is a sacrament, in that the giving and receiving of bread and wine as Christ has ordained shows His death. Those who receive it worthy do not share in the flesh and lusts, but in his body and blood by faith, so that they may receive all his benefits through the nourishment and grace they have received spiritually.

(Matthew 26:26-27; 1 Corinthians 11:26, 10:16; Ephesians 3:17; Acts 3:21)


Q 97. What must be done to participate worthy of the Lord's Supper?

answer. In order to participate worthy of the Lord's Supper, we must know how to discern the body of the Lord, and examine ourselves about the faith, repentance, love, and new obedience that we take as food as the Lord.

(1 Corinthians 11:28-29; John 6:53-56; Zechariah 12:10; 1 John 4:19; Galatians 5:6; Romans 6:4, 17-22; 1 Corinthians 11:27)


Q. 98. What is prayer?

answer. Prayer is confessing our prayers to God in the name of Christ, asking for things that are in line with His will, confessing our sins, and giving thanks for all His mercy.

(John 16:23; Psalm 62:8; 1 John 5:14; Dan 9:6; Phil 4:6; Psalm 10:17, 145:19; 1 John 1:9)


Q99. What is the law that God has given to direct our prayers?

answer. All of God's words are useful in directing our prayers, but the law specifically directed is the prayer that Christ taught to his disciples, commonly called the Lord's Prayer.

(2 Timothy 3:16-17; 1 John 5:14; Matt 6:9; Psalm 119:170; Romans 8:26)


door 100. What do the first words of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

answer. The first words of the Lord's Prayer are 'Our Father who art in heaven,' which teaches us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and a strong heart, just as children go to their mighty and protective father. It also taught us to pray with others and to pray for others.

(Isaiah 64:9; Luke 11:13; Romans 8:15; Ephesians 6:18; Acts 12:5; Zechariah 8:21; 1 Timothy 2:1-2)


door 101. What do we ask for in our first prayer?

answer. The first prayer in the Lord's Prayer is called 'Hallowed to be', and God reveals Himself.

We ask that in all things we and others are able to glorify him, and to do all things for the glory of God.

(Psalm 67:1-3; 2 Thessalonians 3:1; Psalm 145; Isaiah 64:1-2; Romans 11:36; Revelation 4:11)


door 102. What do we ask for in the second prayer?

answer. In the second prayer of the Lord's Prayer, 'Your kingdom come' is to pray for the destruction of the kingdom of Satan and the prosperity of the kingdom of grace so that we and others may enter it and remain there forever, and that the kingdom of glory may come quickly.

(Psalm 68:1; 2 Thessalonians 3:1; Psalm 51:18, 67:1-3; Romans 10:1; Revelation 22:10; 2 Peter 3:11-13; Matthew 9:37-38; John 12:31 )


door 103. What do we ask in the third prayer of the Lord's Prayer?

answer. The third prayer of the Lord's Prayer is, 'Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven'. God has been gracious and able to guide us in all things, so that we may know, obey, and obey his will. It is asking that you do it as you do.

(Psalm 119:34; Acts 21:14; Psalm 103:20-22; Matt 26:39; Phil 1:9-11)


door 104. What do we ask for in the fourth prayer of the Lord's Prayer?

answer. The fourth prayer of the Lord's Prayer is to say, 'Give us our daily bread today', and we ask that God's gift will allow us to receive a satisfactory portion of the many good things in this world and to enjoy his blessings.

(Proverbs 30:8, 9, 10:22; 1 Timothy 6:6-8)


door 105. What do we ask for in the fifth prayer of the Lord's Prayer?

answer. The fifth prayer of the Lord's Prayer is, 'Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us.' If you are able to sincerely forgive the sins of others by virtue of his grace, you are more courageous to ask for forgiveness.

(Psalm 51:1, 2, 7; Romans 3:24-25; Luke 11:4; Matthew 18:35, 14, 6:15; Mark 11:25)


door 106. What do we ask in the sixth prayer of the Lord's Prayer?

answer. The sixth prayer of the Lord's Prayer is, 'Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil', which is to say, "May God lead us not into temptation or protect us and save us when we are tempted."

(Matthew 26:41; Psalm 19:13; 1 Corinthians 10:13; Psalm 51:10, 12; John 17:15)


door 107. What does the last verse of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

answer. The last verse of the Lord's Prayer is, "For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen." This leads us to believe only in God when we pray, and to praise Him when we pray. Yours is the kingdom, the power, and the glory. taught to do And we say Amen as evidence of our will and as a sign of hearing.

(Daniel 9:18-19; 1 Chronicles 29:11-13; Revelation 22:20-21; Phil 4:6; 1 Corinthians 14:16)

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